|Area||(Total): 7,686,850 SQ KM|
|Language:||Although Australia has no official language, it is largely monolingual with English being the de facto.|
|Religions||There is no state religion in Australia, the establishment of which is prohibited by the Constitution. The big majority is that of Christians. The remaining population is Islamic and Buddhist communities.|
|Immigration||Immigration is an important feature of Australian society. The federal government sets immigration intake numbers on a yearly basis. Australia's immigration policies are non-discriminatory and all applicants to migrate must meet the same selection.|
|Criteria Population||21,262,641 (2009 est.)|
|Monetary unit:||Australian dollar|
On 16 June 2015 the Australian Government released the Future directions for streamlined visa processing report and announced the introduction of a simplified student visa framework (SSVF) to support Australia’s education services sector.
Subject to the regulatory change process, it is expected that the SSVF will be implemented by mid-2016. A copy of theFuture directions for streamlined visa processing report can be viewed on the website www.border.gov.au .
Key changes under the SSVF are:
The SSVF is intended to replace existing streamlined visa processing and AL framework arrangements.
Under the SSVF, the combined immigration risk outcomes of the student’s education provider and country of citizenship will be used to guide the level of documentation relating to financial capacity and English language proficiency that the student would need to provide with their student visa application.
Additionally, students would no longer apply for a specific student visa subclass applicable to their level of study for example, subclass 573 for Higher Education. Rather, it is intended that there will be only one student visa subclass for which all prospective students will apply.
It is intended that students will be able to identify what documents they will be required to provide with their visa application by entering their intended education provider and country of citizenship into an online tool.
The level of documentary evidence required in relation to financial and English language capacity will be guided by the combined immigration risk of the prospective student’s education provider and country of citizenship.
Generally, students enrolled at an education provider with the lowest immigration risk outcomes will have lower evidentiary requirements, regardless of their nationality. Students enrolled at an education provider with the highest immigration risk outcomes will have access to reduced evidentiary requirements if they are from a country with the lowest immigration risk.
As it becomes available, further information will be updated on the Department's website at www.border.gov.au
Australia now has around 38,4000 international students from over 140 countries in disciplines at every level of education, including short-term English language courses, Bachelor and Masters Degrees right through to Doctoral Degrees.
The Australian approach to vocational and technical education is now recognized as among the best and most innovative in the world. It enjoys an international reputation for excellence in all areas of education and training. Australian universities are widely recognized for excellence in many disciplines.
Institutions deliver practical and career-orientated training so graduates can be confident they have the skills demanded by employers. It has played an important role in Australia's economic performance, by greatly increasing the skill of workers and contributing to improved productivity.
Australian qualifications are recognized by employers and leading educational institutions in many countries around the world. Moreover, most courses and training undertaken by international students in Australia are covered by Australian Qualification Framework (AQF). It is a system of learning which is authorized by the Australian government.
Australia's national quality assurance system is unique both in its structure and its rigor. International students, and even their parents, enjoy an unparalleled level of service and financial protection. The country is committed to providing quality education to students -- be it national or international.
The Australian Quality Training Framework has been set up by the government to strengthen the quality assurance processes in education. Australia provides the world's most rigorous protection for international students through ESOS.
Australia is a safe, multicultural, friendly and harmonious society. Australians value the wealth of cultural diversity and social sophistication that international students bring to the campuses and communities.
Great care is taken in looking after international students and helping them to adjust to the Australian way of life. Australia has a low crime rate and strict gun control laws providing a safe environment.
In Australia, a student gets value for money in terms of cost of living. The conversion factor is cheaper compared to the UK or US.
With the decline in employment in other countries like UK and USA, international students have started to hit upon Australia which offers more job facilities in multiple disciplines. Be it in agriculture or aeronautics, accounts or actuaries, Australia offer work access to international students like none other.
Another reason to study in Australia is after the completion certain degrees the international students can apply for permanent residence provided they are eligible with all required points. This can give them a great chance to live and settle their life in the place where they study and understand the workforce.
Australia offers research opportunities to eligible professionals willing to enhance their career. The biggest advantage is Australia offers country-based research that is spread all over the continent. Selection for these highly regarded research opportunities are based on merit and is highly competitive, and a proven track record of academic excellence is a pre-requisite.
The education system in Australia is governed by each state, individually. Australia consists of 6 states (New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia and Victoria), 2 mainland territories (Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory) and other minor territories.
In general, the system of education in Australia is a 3-tier model of Primary education (Primary schools), Secondary education (Secondary schools) and Tertiary education (Universities, RTOs and TAFEs). RTOs stand for Registered Training Organisations while TAFEs stand for Technical and Further Education colleges. The tertiary education system is further classified into three sub categories.
The AQF Diploma is a par-professional qualification. Diplomas require 1 or 2 years of full-time study. It is a dual-sector qualification, offered in both the higher education and vocational education and training sectors.
Diplomas can articulate to Advanced Diploma programs. Diplomas can also provide advanced standing or credit transfer (usually 1 year) into a Bachelor Degree program.
The AQF Advanced Diploma is a professional-level qualification. Most Advanced Diplomas require 2 years of full-time study. It is a dual-sector qualification, offered in both the higher education and vocational education and training sectors.
Associate Degree programs require 2 years of full-time study. Associate Degrees emphasise the introductory research-based knowledge of one or more academic disciplines and the development of generic employment skills. Associate Degrees can provide advanced standing or credit transfer (usually 2 years) into a Bachelor Degree program in the same field.
Australian Bachelor Degrees are diverse and normally range from 3 to 6 years of study. There are several types of Bachelor Degrees including 3-year degrees, 4-year degrees, professional degrees, combined degrees and honours degrees. All Bachelor Degree programs must lead to the same educational outcomes as indicated on the AQF regardless of length or specific program requirements.
In some professional fields, the Honours program in Bachelor’s Degree is offered in Australian institutions, with a little longer period of course wok. Honours Degrees are often awarded solely on merit, but in some cases additional work is required, usually in the final year. Generally this involves an integrated increased course load and/or short thesis but occasionally an additional year of study is required.
Programs leading to the Graduate Certificate are designed to develop skills in a specialised area. Graduate Certificate programs are coursework-based and normally require 1 semester of full-time study, or part-time equivalent.
Like the Graduate Certificate, the Graduate Diploma is a specialised, often vocationally-orientated award. Graduate Diplomas either develop new professional or vocational skills for graduates or extend the knowledge and skills gained in the first degree. Graduate Diplomas normally require 1 year of full-time study, or part-time equivalent.
Some institutions differentiate Graduate Diplomas from Postgraduate Diplomas. In this case Graduate Diplomas involve the development of new skills, with courses that may not be at a postgraduate level academically. Postgraduate Diplomas are intended to build on knowledge gained in the first degree.
There are 3 types of Master Degree programs: coursework, research and professional. Most Master Degrees require 2 years of full-time study after a 3-year Bachelor Degree or 1 year of full-time study after a Bachelor Honours Degree or 4-year (or longer) Bachelor Degree.
There are 3 types of Doctoral Degree programs: Research Doctorate, Professional Doctorate and Higher Doctorate. A typical program requires 3 to 4 years of full-time study. Students are expected to make a substantial original contribution to knowledge in the form of new knowledge or significant and original adaptation, application and interpretation of existing knowledge.