FACTS ON UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA)
Location: North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
Geographic coordinates: 38 00 N, 97 00 W
Area (Total): 9,826,675 sq km
Country comparison to the world: 3
Land: 9,161,966 sq km
Water: 664,709 sq km
Note: includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia
Area – comparative
About half the size of Russia, about three-tenths the size of Africa, about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil), slightly larger than China, more than twice the size of the European Union
Land boundaries (Total): 12,034 km
Border Countries: Canada 8,893 km (including 2,477 km with Alaska), Mexico 3,141 km
Note US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba is leased by the US and is part of Cuba, the base boundary is 28 km
Coastline: 19,924 km
Territorial Sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: Not specified
Climate: mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest, low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains
Terrain: vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east, rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska, rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii
Population: 307,212,123 (July 2009 est.)
Country Comparison to the World: 3
Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.2% (male 31,639,127/female 30,305,704) 15-64 years: 67% (male 102,665,043/female 103,129,321) 65 years and over:12.8% (male 16,901,232/female 22,571,696) (2009 est.)
Median age: Total: 36.7 years
Male: 35.4 years Female: 38 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.975% (2009 est.)
Country Comparison to the World: 129
Ethnic groups: white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate) note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.), about 15.1% of the total US population is Hispanic
Religions: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)
Languages: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census) note: Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii
WHY STUDY IN THE USA
Your time in the US will put you in a foreign and new situation and you will have to deal with various situations to succeed. Your exposure to the diversity while experiencing the American culture will open your eyes and your mind. You will understand that there is not just one way to achieve things, but many of equal value.
The land and people of the U.S.A. are incredibly varied. Wherever you choose to study, you will encounter a regional culture rich in history, local traditions and customs. The U.S.A. is a multi-racial society that is still absorbing new immigrants, which makes it a very dynamic and exciting place to experience. While students must exercise caution in a few locations, in much of the U.S.A., streets and university campuses are clean and safe.
U.S. universities may differ from those in your own country in several ways. For one thing, classes are generally small. There may be as few as ten to twenty students in a class; an education in the U.S. A. gives you the personal attention you need in order to succeed. While in class, students are encouraged and expected to contribute to the discussion. Professors meet with students in their offices or even share coffee or meals with them. The close relationship between students and faculty serves to motivate students and fosters a personal approach to the curriculum. Studying in the U.S.A. gives you the opportunity to gain a mentor in your given career field, an invaluable resource.
You may be surprised at your professors’ willingness to challenge authority. Academic freedom is one of the hallmarks of a U.S. university. You will notice different perspectives on instruction. In the U.S.A., students are trained to observe and analyze a problem, then solve it. You will be expected to listen to your classmates and challenge their points of view. The goal is pragmatic, so that you will gain confidence and the ability to organize and present an argument.
Most U.S. university students live on or near the school campus. When you are studying in the U.S.A., you will have many opportunities to join planned and informal activities with other students, such as hiking, skiing, museum visits, excursions to new cities, and U.S.A. tourist attractions. Imagine visiting New York and taking a ferry to the Statue of Liberty! This interaction with other students will enhance your language skills. Your fellow students will also teach you about U.S. culture and about the diverse cultures represented on any U.S. campus.
The Leading Edge
While studying in the U.S.A., you will be exposed to some of the most up-to-date developments in technology. The U.S.A. is the leader in many areas of technology. You may be fortunate enough to meet, and even study, with the leading scholars in your chosen field. Why not study with the best? Studying in the U.S.A. will exhilarate you. It will change the landscape of your life permanently. We guarantee that you will return home changed: more confident, more open and knowledgeable, a citizen of the world with a much broader perspective!
Study in the U.S.A. can help you to embark on this exciting academic voyage, and to make the next decision—where to study.
Priviledge of English Language
Being surrounded by English and using it on a daily basis can be a great and easy way to improve your language skills. English is the language of business and if you want to be successful in your career, you need to speak it well. In many ways, you will be priviledged with this language opportunity. You can avoid speaking your mother tongue in order to adapt yourself in the English language environment and enjoy yourself in the most friendly communication with the language.
American Way of Life
Living in the US will show you a new culture from a deeper perspective than ever before. As life in the US is very different from the life that you are used to, the adjustment process will be anything from easy to nerve wrecking and frustrating. But dealing with this new situation will make you grow and become more open to other perspectives on life. Remember when you come home, shaking your head about the strange behavior of the people around you: Your way is not better than theirs, it’s just different.
Living in a foreign country all by yourself will inevitably make you independent. You are forced to as you don’t have another choice, swim or drown, live or die… no, it’s not that bad, in fact, it is a great chance. Show yourself, your parents and friends that you can do it- DIY-Style! Show them that they were all so wrong about you being a mama’s boy (or girl)! It will feel great! But don’t be afraid, in case of emergency, you can hop on a plane and be home within 24 hours. This state of independence and sense of liberty is the essence of American lives.
Social and Professional Advantages
Networking is a buzz word of our times. Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter are just a few social and professional networking sites that help us to stay connected and use our connections as potential resources. Imagine in a couple of years, you are working in your job and suddenly your company wants to expand to the US. Guess who will be a valuable resource for your company, because you can just pick up the phone and connect with several American friends that can give you valid and accurate information in an instant.
Similarly, your study experience in abroad will give you an advantage over other applicants on the job market. HR managers value international experience highly, as this set of candidates is known as adaptable, independent, problem solvers and open. Having spent time in the US will definitely give you a competitive advantage over your competitors in the job market, especially as a degree from an American university is still considered the best education that you can get. Universities in the US are outstanding in the field of research and education and provide the best facilities and professors.
HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN THE UNITED STATES
Education in the United States is mainly provided by the public sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: federal, state, and local. Public education is universal at the primary and secondary levels (known inside the United States as the elementary and high school levels). The ages for compulsory education vary by state, beginning at ages five to eight and ending at the ages of fourteen to eighteen. A growing number of states are now requiring compulsory education until the age of 18.
Compulsory education requirements can generally be satisfied by educating children in public schools, state-certified private schools, an approved home school program or in an orphanage. In most public and private schools, education is divided into three levels: elementary school, middle school (sometimes called junior high school), and high school (sometimes referred to as secondary education).
Post-secondary education, better known as “college” in the United States, is generally governed separately from the elementary and high school system.
Among the country’s adult population, over 85 percent have completed high school and 27 percent have received a bachelor’s degree or higher. The average salary for college or university graduates is greater than $51,000, exceeding the national average of those without a high school diploma by more than $23,000, according to a 2005 study by the U.S. Census Bureau.