Facts on Canada

Location

North America, Canada is a North American Country stretching from the US in the south to the Arctic Circle in the North.

Geographic Coordinates

56* 1304* N, 106. 3468* W

Area (Total)

9,984,670 Km²

Population

36.71 Million (2017) Stat. Can.

Water Area

891.163 Km²

Area – Comparative

This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 States based on area measurements. 2nd Largest country in the world.

Climate 

Average winter and Summer high temperatures across Canada vary from region to region. Winters can be harsh in many parts of the country, particularly in the interior and prairie provinces, which experience a continental climate, where daily average temperatures are near -15*C (5*F) but a drop below -40*C (-40*F) with severe wind chills.

Country Comparison to the World

It is the second biggest country in the world after Russia, in terms of area. As per the recent Human Development Index, Canada is regarded as one of the most livable counties in the world in terms of safety, social security, per capita income, education system, health benefits and several other indicators.

Age Structure

Age Group                             Male                                       Female

18-24 years                           1.74                                        1.6

25-44 years                           5.04                                        4.98

45-64 years                           5.04                                        5.12

65 year and over                  2.92                                        3.44

 

Population Growth Rate

1.2 % (2017)

Ethnic Groups

Canadians 32.32 %, English 18.34 %, Scottish 13.93%, French 13.55%, Irish 13.43% German-9.64%, Italian- 4.6%, First Nations 4.43%

Religions

Roman Catholicism 38.7%, other Christian 28.5%, Muslims 3.2%, Hindus 1.5%, Sikhs 1.4%, Buddhists 1.1% and Jews (1.0%)

Language :

English and French

Diversity

Your time in Canada will put you in a foreign and new situation and you will have to deal with various situations to succeed. Your exposure to the diversity while experiencing the Canadian culture will open your eyes and your mind. You will understand that there is not just one way to achieve things, but many of equal value.

The land and people of CANADA are incredibly varied. Wherever you choose to study, you will encounter a regional culture rich in history, local traditions and customs. Canada is a multi-racial society that is still absorbing new immigrants, which makes it a very dynamic and exciting place to experience. While students must exercise caution in a few locations, in much of Canada, streets and university campuses are clean and safe.

Academic Differences

Canadian universities may differ from those in your own country in several ways. For one thing, classes are generally small. There may be as few as ten to twenty students in a class; an education in Canada gives you the personal attention you need in order to succeed. While in class, students are encouraged and expected to contribute to the discussion. Professors meet with students in their offices or even share coffee or meals with them. The close relationship between students and faculty serves to motivate students and fosters a personal approach to the curriculum. Studying in Canada gives you the opportunity to gain a mentor in your given career field, an invaluable resource.

You may be surprised at your professors’ willingness to challenge authority. Academic freedom is one of the hallmarks of a Canadian university. You will notice different perspectives on instruction. In Canada., students are trained to observe and analyze a problem, then solve it. You will be expected to listen to your classmates and challenge their points of view. The goal is pragmatic, so that you will gain confidence and the ability to organize and present an argument.

Most Canadian university students live on or near the school campus. When you are studying in  Canada you will have many opportunities to join planned and informal activities with other students, such as hiking, skiing, museum visits, excursions to new cities, and Canada tourist attractions. Imagine visiting Toronto and walking around the CN Tower ! This interaction with other students will enhance your language skills. Your fellow students will also teach you about Canadian culture and about the diverse cultures represented on any Canadian campus.

The Leading Edge

While studying in Canada., you will be exposed to some of the most up-to-date developments in technology.  Canada. is the leader in many areas of technology. You may be fortunate enough to meet, and even study, with the leading scholars in your chosen field. Why not study with the best? Studying in  Canada. will exhilarate you. It will change the landscape of your life permanently. We guarantee that you will return home changed: more confident, more open and knowledgeable, a citizen of the world with a much broader perspective!

Study in  Canada can help you to embark on this exciting academic voyage, and to make the next decision—where to study.

Privilege of English Language

Being surrounded by English and using it on a daily basis can be a great and easy way to improve your language skills. English is the language of business and if you want to be successful in your career, you need to speak it well. In many ways, you will be privileged with this language opportunity. You can avoid speaking your mother tongue in order to adapt yourself in the English language environment and enjoy yourself in the most friendly communication with the language.

Canadian Way of Life

Living in Canada will show you a new culture from a deeper perspective than ever before. As life in  Canada is very different from the life that you are used to, the adjustment process will be anything from easy to nerve wrecking and frustrating. But dealing with this new situation will make you grow and become more open to other perspectives on life. Remember when you come home, shaking your head about the strange behavior of the people around you: Your way is not better than theirs, it’s just different.

Social and Professional Advantages

Networking is a buzz word of our times. Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter are just a few social and professional networking sites that help us to stay connected and use our connections as potential resources. Imagine in a couple of years, you are working in your job and suddenly your company wants to expand to Canada. Guess who will be a valuable resource for your company, because you can just pick up the phone and connect with several Canadian friends that can give you valid and accurate information in an instant.

Similarly, your study experience in abroad will give you an advantage over other applicants on the job market. HR managers value international experience highly, as this set of candidates is known as adaptable, independent, problem solvers and open. Having spent time in Canada will definitely give you a competitive advantage over your competitors in the job market, especially as a degree from an Canadian university is still considered the best education that you can get. Universities in  Canada are outstanding in the field of research and education and provide the best facilities and professors.

Education System in Canada

The education system in Canada encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools, including:

Education is a provincial responsibility under the Canadian constitution, which means there are significant differences between the education systems of the different provinces. However, education is important to Canadians, and standards across the country are uniformly high.

In general, Canadian children attend kindergarten for one or two years at the age of four or five on a voluntary basis. All children begin Grade One at about six years of age. The school year normally runs from September through the following June but in some instances, January intake dates are possible. Secondary schools go up to Grades 11 or 12, depending on the province. From there, students may attend university, college or Cégep studies. Cégep is a French acronym for College of General and Vocational Education, and is two years of general or three years of technical education between high school and university. The province of Québec has the Cégep system.

High Quality Education
Education institutions are not officially ranked in Canada, but you will find quality institutions across the country. When choosing your school in Canada, consider the type, size and location of the institution. If you are interested in a particular area of study, investigate which schools have more to offer in that discipline.

The education system of Canada is governed by the territorial and provincial governments, which adds slight differences in the nature of education in these provinces. For example, for each province, the grade to begin with and end, vary from one province to another. The system covers the following segments of education:

  • Elementary
  • Secondary and
  • Post-secondary education

Each territory and province offer universal, free elementary and secondary schooling up to 12 years of age. However, Quebec just offers this up to 11 years of age. For the ages between 15 and 18, education is compulsory in almost all provinces and territories.

Types of schooling and education:

Elementary schooling: Children start schooling at the age of 5. This segment of schooling includes grade 1 to 6 followed by 2 years of junior high/middle school. For areas that do not have the middle school provision, elementary education continues up to grade 8. However, Quebec is a little different from the rest of the country. Students here continue elementary education from grade 1 to 6 and then move straight into high school/secondary education.

Secondary schooling: Secondary schooling typically starts from grade 9 and continues through grade 12. The regions without a middle school system start secondary schooling from grade 7. Quebec conducts secondary schooling from grade 7 to 11. Students there then graduate to Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEP, basically a pre-university college publicly funded, and only available in the province of Quebec) for 2 years before applying to a university.

Post-secondary schooling: Vocational school, community college, university and graduation school all cover the post-secondary education that includes the career college.

Following types of Certification are offered by the post secondary education provider institutes :

  • Certificate : is a qualification awarded upon successful completion of a programme which is usually one year in length.
  • Diploma : is a qualification awarded on the basis of one or two year’s of successful study.
  • Advanced Diploma : is a 3 years program some of which may lead to a Bachelor’s Degree.
  • Bachelor’s Degrees : Usually awarded by Universities/ University Colleges/ Community Colleges after four years of full-time study and lead to graduate level studies.
  • Post Graduate Diplomas / Certificates :It lead to a Master’s Degree. These programs have work terms which provide full-time opportunities to gain practical experience along with theoretical studies. A typical co-op term lasts 12 to 17 weeks. The prerequisites to participate in these programs is a Bachelor’s Degree of 3 or 4 years duration.
  • Master’s Degree : is an option for undergraduates who have an interest in further learning and research, and for those who want to broaden their career possibilities. It is for 2 yrs duration and can be pursued after a 4 yrs Bachelors or a 3yrs Bachelors & a 1 year Post Graduate Diploma from Canada.
  • Doctorate or PhD : is a degree ranking above the Master’s Degree and generally requires four to seven years to complete

Co-operative Work Term

Co-op is a work term provided as part and parcel of the course curriculum. It provides an excellent opportunity to students to gain first hand practical experience related to the field of specialization. Students can gain on-the-job experience while continuing to study . Co-op provides full time opportunities that last for 12 to 17 weeks.

Co-Operative work programmes, combine courses in many subjects with relevant work, giving students an invaluable head start with their careers. This assists International students in connecting with the Canadian job market and developing a network with the Canadian companies.

Types of Post Secondary Institutions :

Technical/ Career Colleges : These are privately owned and operated with the main objective of preparing students for the job market after a short period of instruction. The emphasis at career colleges is on practical skills over a broad range of programmes.

Community Colleges & Technical Institutes : They typically have more career oriented, practical/ technical related curricula, with small classes, off-campus course offerings, a greater ratio of laboratory space to classroom space, and an interactive teaching style. Attending a community or technical college for the first two years of university education is a popular option for international students. It allow you to prepare for a career or to prepare for transfer to complete your bachelor’s degree from the college or university of your choice.

University Colleges : As a component of the Canadian University system, University Colleges offer students a choice of either academic oriented university degree programmes or the more practical-oriented college diplomas and certificates.

Universities : Canadian Universities are largely public funded and as a result, offer consistently high quality education at lower tuition rates for International students than their counterparts in competing countries. They offer a broad range of courses and degrees from Undergraduate to Doctorate and also certificate and professional degrees. Class sizes in universities are generally large.

  1. St. Lawrence College
  2. Bay River College
  3. Institute of Technology, Development of Canada (ITD)
  4. George Brown College
  5. British Columbia University
  6. University of the Fraser Valley
  7. Seneca College
  8. University of Prince Edward, Island
  9. Dalbousie University
  10. Lambton College
  11. Geerbrown brown University
  12. Yukon College
  13. British Columbia Institute of Technology
  14. Ambrose university
  15. University of Guelph-Humber
  16. University of Lethbridge
  17. Cape Breton University
  18. Cambrian College
  19. Fairleigh Dickinson University
  20. Brock University
  21. Centennial College
  22. Sheridan College
  23. Humber College
  24. Cambrian College
  25. York University
  26. Ryerson University
  27. Sault College
  28. Musitechnic College